Unit 1: FRIENDSHIP
Ngữ pháp của bài 1: THE INFINITIVE I. Infinitive with "to" Ta dùng động từ nguyên mẫu có "to" trong các trường hợp sau: 1. Sau các tính từ: Ex: It`s nice to see you again. I am too pour to buy a house He is not old enough to see that film. 2. Sau các indefinite pronoun: Ex: I have nothing to do now. I can`t find a place to live. 3. Sau các động từ: - afford - agree - appear - arrange - ask - choose - decide - fail - happen - help - hope - learn - manage - offer - plan - pretend - promise - refused - tend - threaten - want - wish * Note: - would like/love/ prefer + to - infinitive - like/love/hate/dislike + to - infinitive - like/love/hate/dislike + V - ing (hobbies, interesting). 4. Verb + O + to - infi: - advise - allow - ask - beg - cause - enable - encourage - expect - invite - order - persuade - remind - tell - want - warn. 5. To - infi diến tả một mục đích. (= in order to = so as to) 6. To - infi as a Subject: Ex: Tolove and to be loved is the happiest in the world. 7. To - infi as a complement: Ex: My dream is to become a docter. II. Infinitive without "to": Ta dùng động từ nguyên mẫu không "to" trong các trường hợp sau đây: 1. Sau các modal Verb: - Can, could, may, might, should... - Need, dare 2. Sau had better, would rather: 3. Make, let s.o + bare 4. Verbs of perception: - Hear/see/watch/notice/feel + O + bare: diễn tả hành động đã kết thúc hoặc toàn bộ hành động. - Hear/see/watch/notice/feel + O + V-ing: diễn tả hành động đang diễn ra hoặc 1 phần của hành động Ex: I saw him climb throung the window yesterday. I see smoke flying from the chimney. 5. Have to do something. 6. Trong các cấu trúc nhấn mạnh: Ex: I do believe you.
Unit 2: PERSONAL EXPERIENCES
Grammar: - Present simple indicating past time - Tense revision: past simple, past progressive and past perfect I. PRESENT SIMPLE: 1. Form: S+ V(s/es)/ be Ex : want-- wants ; give--- gives ; be--- am; is ; are * Verbs ending in : -sh;-ch;-o;-ss;-x then we add "es" ( washes ; washes...) * Verbs ending in : -y so we change "y" to "i" then add " es" ( studies ...) 2. Adverbs of frequency: * Never, seldom, rarely, sometimes, often, usually, always, normally, ocassionally ... * From time to time, constantly, now and then, frequently, every (...) once, twice, threetimes a day ... 3. Uses : a/ Things are always true : Ex : Haiduong is not as big as Hanoi b/ Habits or repeated actions at present : Ex : I often go to school at 7 c/ Timetable /Schedule : Ex: The film starts at 8 pm d/ Likes- interests-belief-hopes..: * Love , like, hate,dislike ,enjoy, prefer, detest,fancy.... *Thinks ,wonder,consider,suppose, doubt.... * Want ,need, wish, hope, believe,expect,know, understand,.... e/Verbs of perception: Hear, see,smell,look, notice, seem,, sound... f/ State verbs : Contain, consist, feel, last, depend, matter, belong,fit,suit,weigh, own, mean, seem, appear... g/Headings/headlines: Ex:100 people are killed. h/ Plot of a film, play,book ...: Ex:The films tells about a naughty boy who is hated by step mother . i/If-When clause : Ex: If it rains, i will stay at home. II. TENSE REVISION: * Past simple: 1. Form: S+ V(ed) 2. Adverbs of time: Yesterday , last year , last night, in 1998, in 18th century